Swedish citizenship for children

In Sweden, a child born after 1 April 2015 to a Swedish parent automatically becomes a Swedish citizen at birth. Children born before 1 April 2015 become Swedish citizens at birth if their mother is a Swedish citizen. The same applies if the father is a Swedish citizen and the child is born in Sweden. If the child is born abroad the child will become a Swedish citizen if the father is Swedish and married to the child's mother.  

Children born after 1 April 2015

A child born after 1 April 2015 automatically becomes a Swedish citizen if one of the parents is a Swedish citizen.

Read more about the rules that apply for children born after 1 April 2015

Children born before 1 April 2015

A child born before 1 April 2015 but after July 1 2001 becomes a Swedish citizen at birth if the mother is a Swedish citizen. The same applies if the father is a Swedish citizen and the child is born in Sweden. If a child is born abroad, it will be a Swedish citizen if the father was a Swedish citizen at the time of the birth, and married to the child's mother.

Read more about the rules that apply for children born before 1 April 2015

Stateless children under the age of 18 and born in Sweden

The main objective in Sweden is to avoid children becoming stateless. For this reason, a stateless child that is born in Sweden can become a Swedish citizen by submitting a notification. Parents can read more about what to do and what is required when submitting a notification.

Children who are Nordic or EU/EEA citizens

Special rules apply for Nordic or EU/EEA citizens who wish to become Swedish citizens. Read more about the rules that apply for children who are Nordic or EU/EEA citizens.

Children who are citizens of a non-EU country

Children often become Swedish citizens in connection with a parent applying to become one. Read more about the rules that apply for children who are under 18 and were not born as Swedish citizens.

You can also read more about the rules that apply for children who have parents that are not Swedish citizens.

Last updated: 10 November 2015