Automatic citizenship through birth, adoption or parental marriage
A child may automatically become a Swedish citizen through birth, adoption or parents' marriage. In cases where a child does not automatically become a Swedish citizen, there may be a possibility to apply for or to submit a notification for Swedish citizenship.
Swedish children born abroad
If your child received Swedish citizenship automatically at birth, you still need to think about doing the following things. In order for the child to only be registered in Sweden, you must contact the Swedish Tax Agency and make a name notification. For more information on how to do that visit the Swedish tax agency's website. You can apply for a passport for your child when visiting Sweden. For more information on how to do that, visit the Swedish police's website. If you want to apply for a passport for you child from abroad, contact the Swedish embassy or consulate. You can read more about this procedure on Swedish embassies’ and consulates’ websites.
Swedish citizenship for children born after 1 April 2015
If your child is born after 1 April 2015, he or she will automatically become a Swedish citizen if one of the parents is a Swedish citizen at the time of the child's birth.
A child born after 1 April 2015 is always given Swedish citizenship if
- one of the parents is a Swedish citizen at the time of the child's birth
- a deceased parent of the child was a Swedish citizen upon their death.
Swedish citizenship for children born before 1 April 2015
If your child is born before 1 April 2015 but after 1 July 2001 it is the parents' nationality that determines the nationality of the child:
- The child of a Swedish mother will always become a Swedish citizen.
- The child of a Swedish father and a foreign mother will always become a Swedish citizen if the child is born in Sweden. If the father is married to the mother, the child shall receive Swedish citizenship at birth, irrespective of where in the world the birth takes place.
- The child of a foreign mother who is married to, in a registered partnership with, or is the common law spouse of a Swedish woman will also become a Swedish citizen if the child is born in Sweden and insemination took place with the Swedish woman's consent.
Swedish citizen through parents' marriage
When a foreign woman has a child with a Swedish man and the child is born abroad, the child does not receive the father's Swedish citizenship if its parents are not married to each other.
If they later marry, the child becomes a Swedish citizen (if still under 18 and unmarried). The child is said to have become a Swedish citizen through legitimisation. The Swedish Tax Agency registers the child as a Swedish citizen. The child's Swedish citizenship is then counted from the date of its parents' marriage.
A child who acquires the Swedish citizenship of their mother or father at birth may receive dual citizenship. This applies in the following circumstances:
- The child is born in a country where the law stipulates that all children born there automatically become citizens of that country.
- The child receives the foreign mother's or father's citizenship at birth.
Swedish citizen through adoption
A child who is not yet 12 years of age and who has been adopted by a Swedish citizen automatically receives Swedish citizenship upon adoption if:
- the child has been adopted as the result of a decision made in Sweden or in another Nordic country
- the child has been adopted as the result of a decision made abroad and approved in Sweden by the Swedish Intercountry Adoptions Authority
- the adoption is valid under Swedish law.
The adoption must have been decided or approved after 30 June 1992. A child who has reached the age of 12 before the adoption may become a Swedish citizen by application.