Permanent right of residence for EU citizens

When you have lived in Sweden and have been able to support yourself for five years, you have a permanent right of residence.

If you would like a document showing that you have permanent right of residence which can be used, for example, when contacting other authorities, you can apply for a certificate of permanent right of residence.

Different ways for permanent right of residence

As an EU citizen you have right of residence if you can support yourself through working, studying, having your own company or having sufficient means. You may be granted permanent right of residence after five years if you have met the requirements for right of residence in various ways. For example by studying for a period, while working during other periods. If you work and become involuntarily unemployed you may under certain circumstances retain your right of residence while seeking new employment. This may also apply if you are on parental leave from your work.

If you have right of residence as a family member of an EU citizen you have permanent right of residence if your close relatives have it and you have lived together in Sweden for at least five years.

Georg.

Georg came to Sweden five years ago. During his first year he studied at university. He then started working. After two years he became unemployed due to a shortage of work. Georg sought new employment for six months before starting to work for the company where he is still currently employed.

Georg has, despite not working for a few months, been granted permanent right of residence. As he was made redundant after working for more than a year he retained his right of residence during the period when he was not working, as he was registered with the Swedish Public Employment Services (Arbetsförmedlingen).

How to apply

You fill out the form Intyg om permanent uppehållsrätt, no. 174011 (only in Swedish), and send it in or submit it at one of the Swedish Migration Board's Permit Units.

There is no fee for applying for a certificate of permanent right of residence.

The following should be included with your application:

  • copies of the pages in your passport or national ID card which show your personal information, photograph, signature, passport number, passport issuing country, the period of the passport's validity and whether you have permission to live in countries other than your country of origin.

You should also enclose documents showing in what way you have met the requirements for right of residence over the past five years. If you have had right of residence as a family member of an EU citizen you should include documents showing how your close relative has met the requirements for right of residence. You should enclose:

  • income statements from the Swedish Tax Agency for the past five years if you or your close relatives have worked in Sweden
  • certificates from all your employers in the past five years if you or your close relatives have worked in Sweden
  • a tax account from the Swedish Tax Agency covering the past five years of the company if you or your close relative have been self-employed in Sweden
  • study results for the periods during which you have studied (applies to persons who have right of residence as students and persons who are family members of someone who has right of residence as a student)
  • documents showing how you have supported yourself if you or your close relative are pensioners or have sufficient means, for example pension payments, bank statements, tax information for foreign salaries or other relevant documents.

After the decision has been made

The certificate of permanent right of residence is sent to you by mail.

Last updated: 4 June 2014