Permanent residence permit for asylum seekers

If you are granted a permanent residence permit you have the right to live and work in Sweden on the same terms as everyone else who resides here.

Your permanent residence permit is valid as long as you live in Sweden. You will receive a residence permit card as proof that you have a residence permit. The card is not an identification document or a travel document. You can travel in and out of the country, but if you leave Sweden you must have a valid passport and your residence permit card in order to re-enter the country. You should also save your notification of the decision to grant you a permanent residence permit. You will find this useful if you need to contact other government agencies.

You do not need to apply for an extension of your residence permit but the residence permit card is only valid for up to five years. To get a new residence permit card you must visit the Swedish Migration Agency to be photographed and to have your fingerprints taken again.

Read more about residence permit cards

Registering with the population register

When you have received a permanent residence permit you should register with the population register at the Swedish Tax Agency (Skatteverket) as soon as possible. Population registration is required before you can attend Swedish for Immigrants (sfi) classes and be entitled to the benefits of the Swedish social security system. Once you have registered with the population register you can also obtain a Swedish identity document which you will need, for example, if you wish to open a bank account.

To register with the population register you should go to the Swedish Tax Agency which will record where you live, your marital status (whether or not you are married), your citizenship and your place of birth. When you go to the Swedish Tax Agency you should take your residence permit card with you as well as a valid identification document. If your identification document is held by the Swedish Migration Agency you can ask for a copy of it. The copy should be signed by a person who certifies that the copy is the same as the original. This person should also write their name in capital letters and give their telephone number.

The Swedish Tax Agency's information on population registrationexternal link, opens in new window

Family reunification

If you have been granted a permanent residence permit your family can apply for residence permits so that they can join you in Sweden.

You may be subject to a so-called maintenance requirement. This means that you must be able to support both yourself and your family. You must also have a home that is large enough and of appropriate standard for you to live in together when your family moves to Sweden.

Read more about family reunification and the maintenance requirement

The residence permit can be withdrawn

Your permanent residence permit can be withdrawn if you leave Sweden. If you notify the Swedish Migration Agency that you wish to retain your permanent residence permit, you can remain abroad for up to two years without your permit being affected.

If you have not returned to Sweden after two years the Migration Agency may withdraw your residence permit. The residence permit can also be withdrawn if you gave a false identity when you applied for the residence permit, or if you knowingly lied or failed to mention something that was significant for your residence permit.

If you are convicted of a crime, the court can decide that you should be deported. The Migration Agency will then withdraw your residence permit. Your residence permit can be withdrawn even if you have had the permit for several years.

Notification that you wish to retain your permanent residence permit

To declare that you wish to retain your permanent residence permit when you are spending a long time in another country you should fill out the form Anmälan om att få behålla permanent uppehållstillstånd (Notification of desire to retain permanent residence permit), number 186011. Send the form to migrationsverket@migrationsverket.se or to Migrationsverket, 601 70 Norrköping. Your notification should arrive at the Swedish Migration Agency no later than one week before you leave Sweden. If your trip is cancelled you should inform the Swedish Migration Agency of this no later than the day on which you had intended to travel.

Notification of desire to retain permanent residence permit, form number 187011PDF

Information for those who have newly moved to Sweden with a residence permit

Some municipalities have municipal housing agencies where you can look for accommodation. The municipality can also give you advice on private landlords.

If you are aged 18 years or older you can apply for a loan to furnish your home. http://www.csn.se/hemutrustningslanexternal link, opens in new window

The municipality in which you live will offer child care and schooling for children.

For questions concerning Swedish for Immigrants (sfi) classes you should contact the municipality in which you live. See also the website for Sveriges kommuner och landsting.external link, opens in new window

If you are looking for work you can register with Arbetsförmedlingen.external link, opens in new window

For questions concerning healthcare contact your county council or the region in which you live. Hitta vård i hela landet på 1177 Vårdguiden.external link, opens in new window

Information about studying at college and university can be found at Antagning.seexternal link, opens in new window or studera.nu.external link, opens in new window

For questions concerning student funding CSN, Centrala studiestödsnämnden.external link, opens in new window

For questions concerning driving licences go to Körkortsportalen.external link, opens in new window

For questions concerning voting rights contact Valmyndigheten.external link

Information about Swedish schools from the Swedish National Agency for Education (Skolverket) can be found at http://www.omsvenskaskolan.se/svenska/det-haer-aer-den-svenska-skolan/.external link

Information about Swedish society in several different languages can be found at Information om Sverige.external link, opens in new window

More information about Swedish society can be found at Svenska institutets webbplats.external link, opens in new window

Links to web pages where you can study and practise Swedish can be found at Digitala spårets webbplats.external link, opens in new window

Last updated: 20 July 2016