On 29 March 2017, the United Kingdom submitted a notification of withdrawal from the European Union (EU). The European Council have agreed to extend the deadline for the British withdrawal to 31 October 2019. If the United Kingdom approves the proposed exit agreement, it can leave the EU before then.
On this page you will find information about how British citizens and their relatives will be affected in the event of a ‘hard’ or ‘soft’ Brexit.
If you have questions about a residence permit governed by Swedish law, i.e., because of work or your affiliation with someone in Sweden, you will find information under the Private individuals’ tab.
Brexit with an agreement
A draft agreement does exist that has been approved by the European Council and the British government. If the agreement is also approved by the European Parliament and the British Parliament, a transitional period will enter into force, and will last until the end of 2020. In a practical sense, this means that the United Kingdom will remain part of the EU cooperation during the transitional period. During this period, British citizens and their relatives who are third country nationals will have the same rights as before and may reside, work and study in Sweden without residence and work permits.
Brexit without an agreement
Without an agreement, all British citizens, as well as many of their family members, will lose their former right to residency in Sweden, which was supported by the rules of the EU.
The Swedish government has adopted a framework for a scenario involving withdrawal without an agreement – a so-called ‘hard’ Brexit. In such case, British citizens will be subject to exemption rules in the year immediately following the withdrawal. This means that British citizens and their relatives may continue to reside, study and work in Sweden without residence or work permits until March 29, 2020.
Every individual is automatically covered by the exemption, and there is no need to apply for residence/work permits. However, those who wish to travel during the transitional period will require proof that they are exempt from the residence permit requirement. Applications must be submitted to the Swedish Migration Agency, which will process the request and issue a proof of permission. It is entered into the individual’s passport by means of a stamp. Only British citizens, not their relatives who are third country nationals, have the right to obtain such proof.
If the United Kingdom leaves the EU without an agreement, the proposed rules will enter into effect no sooner than October 31, 2019. It will be possible to apply for a proof (a stamp in the passport) as soon as we know if there will be a Brexit without a deal. The website of the Swedish Migration Agency will be updated with information about how to submit an application.
The information will be updated on an ongoing basis.
Questions and answers
Questions and answers are based on the assumption of a withdrawal without an agreement (‘hard’ Brexit).
Further information about Brexit
Further information about Brexit is presented on the Swedish government’s website: