You must have conducted yourself well in Sweden

In order to become a Swedish citizen, you must have conducted yourself well during your time in Sweden. The Swedish Migration Agency looks both at how you have previously conducted yourself and how we believe that you will conduct yourself in the future.

The Swedish Migration Agency requests information from other authorities to check if you have any debts or have committed a crime in Sweden. The information is requested from:

  • The Enforcement Authority (if you have debts)
  • The Police (if you committed a crime or are suspected of doing so)
  • The Security Service (security checks).

Debts at the Enforcement Authority or other complaints

Your application may be rejected if you

  • have not paid taxes, fines or other charges
  • have not paid maintenance.

Debts to private companies or similar which have been passed on to the Enforcement Authority may also mean that your application to become a Swedish citizen is rejected. Even if you have paid your debts, a certain period of time must pass (approximately two years), before you can become a Swedish citizen. The reason is that you must show that you can remain debt free.

Waiting time after a crime

You may still become a Swedish citizen if you have committed a crime, but you must wait for a specified period. The length of time you must wait depends on the sentence you received.

The time which must elapse after the crime before you can acquire Swedish citizenship is called the qualifying period. This is usually calculated from the date of the crime but if you received a lengthy prison sentence, the time only begins to be calculated after the sentence has been served.
 
A prison sentence must have been served, the probationary period in the event of a conditional release must have been completed and any fines imposed must have been paid before you can become a Swedish citizen.

Qualifying periods
PenaltyQualifying period
Fine 30x daily incomeAt least one year after the crime. For example, if you receive a fine 50x your daily income, the qualifying period is calculated as one and a half years.
Fine 60x daily incomeAt least two years after the crime
Fine 100x daily incomeAt least three years after the crime
Suspended sentenceAt least three years after the sentence went into effect (became legally valid). If, at the same time, you received a custodial sentence or a fine of more than 60x your daily income, the qualifying period becomes longer.
ProbationAt least four years from the date on which the probationary period began. If, at the same time, you received a custodial sentence or a fine of more than 60x your daily income, the qualifying period becomes longer.
1-month custodial sentenceAt least four years after the crime
4-month custodial sentence At least five years after the crime
8-month custodial sentence At least six years after the crime
1-year custodial sentence At least seven years after sentence served
2-year custodial sentence At least eight years after sentence served
4-year custodial sentence At least nine years after sentence served
6-year custodial sentence At least ten years after sentence served

If you have committed crimes on more than one occasion, the qualifying period may be longer than in the table specified above.

Last updated: 2015-07-08

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