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Swedish citizenship for children

In Sweden, a child born after 1 April 2015 to a Swedish parent automatically becomes a Swedish citizen at birth. Children born before 1 April 2015 become Swedish citizens at birth if their mother is a Swedish citizen. The same applies if the father is a Swedish citizen and the child is born in Sweden. If the child is born abroad the child will become a Swedish citizen if the father is Swedish and married to the child's mother.  

Children born before 1 April 2015

A child born before 1 April 2015 but after July 1 2001 becomes a Swedish citizen at birth if the mother is a Swedish citizen. The same applies if the father is a Swedish citizen and the child is born in Sweden. If a child is born abroad, it will be a Swedish citizen if the father was a Swedish citizen at the time of the birth, and married to the child's mother.

Read more about the rules that apply for children born before 1 April 2015

Children born after 1 April 2015

A child born after 1 April 2015 automatically becomes a Swedish citizen if one of the parents is a Swedish citizen.

Read more about the rules that apply for children born after 1 April 2015

State­less children born in Sweden

The main objective in Sweden is to avoid children becoming stateless. For this reason, a stateless child that is born in Sweden can become a Swedish citizen by submitting a notification.

Read more about notification for stateless children born in Sweden

Children who are Nordic citi­zens

Special rules apply for Nordic citizens who wish to become Swedish citizens.

Read more about the rules that apply for children who are Nordic citizens

Children who are citi­zens of a non-EU country

Children often become Swedish citizens in connection with a parent applying to become one.

Read more about the rules that apply for children who have parents that are not Swedish citizens

Last updated: 2020-11-25

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