Application for Swedish citizenship for citizens of Denmark, Finland, Iceland and Norway

If you are a citizen of Denmark, Finland, Iceland or Norway you can become a Swedish citizen by application if you have been resident in Sweden for at least two years.

On this page you can read more about the requirements you need to fulfil.

You must be able to prove your identity

To become a Swedish citizen you must be able to prove you identity. You can provide proof by:

  • showing your national passport in the original or
  • showing an identity document in the original.

You must have reached the age of 18

One requirement to become a Swedish citizen is that you have reached the age of 18. Children under the age of 18 can become Swedish citizens in conjunction with a parent's successful application to become a Swedish citizen.

Exceptions

The Swedish Migration Agency may make exceptions to the age requirement. For example, a child who has a Swedish mother or father may become a Swedish citizen if its parents submit an application.

You must have been living in Sweden for a certain period

In order to become a Swedish citizen, you must have been living in Sweden for a certain time (period of residence). As a Nordic citizen you must have been resident in Sweden for at least two years.

Exceptions

  • An emigrant, formerly a Swedish citizen, who returns to Sweden.
  • A person who is employed on a Swedish ship and who is registered in Sweden.
  • A person who is in the employ of a Swedish company abroad and who has previously lived in Sweden.
  • A person who has been married to a Swedish citizen abroad for at least ten years and who does not live in their country of origin. The person must have strong ties with Sweden, e.g. through frequent visits or having a strong need to become a Swedish citizen.
  • A person whose uninterrupted period of residence in Sweden is too short. Such a person may be allowed to count previous periods of residence in Sweden, partly or in full. This depends on how long and why they have been abroad.

If you have been abroad

It does not matter if you have travelled abroad, for example for a short stay or holiday. However, if you have been abroad for longer periods, the time must be reduced from your period of residence.

If you move to another country and settle there, your period of residence is interrupted. Then you can only count the period of residence from the day you return to Sweden.

You must have conducted yourself well in Sweden

In order to become a Swedish citizen, you must have conducted yourself well during your time in Sweden. You may still become a Swedish citizen if you have committed a crime, but you must wait for a specified period. The length of time you must wait depends on the sentence you received. The Migration Agency looks both at how you have previously conducted yourself and how we believe that you will conduct yourself in the future.

The Swedish Migration Agency requests information from other authorities to check if you have any debts or have committed a crime in Sweden. The information is requested from:

  • The Enforcement Service (if you have debts)
  • The Police (if you committed a crime or are suspected of doing so)
  • The Security Service (security checks).

Debts at the Enforcement Authority or other complaints

Your application may be rejected if you

  • have not paid taxes, fines or other charges
  • have not paid maintenance.

Debts to private companies or similar which have been passed on to the Enforcement Authority may also mean that your application to become a Swedish citizen is rejected. Even if you have paid your debts, a certain period of time must pass (approximately two years), before you can become a Swedish citizen. The reason is that you must show that you can remain debt free.

Waiting time after a crime

The time which must elapse after the crime before you can acquire Swedish citizenship, is called the qualifying period. This is usually calculated from the date of the crime but if you received a lengthy prison sentence, the time only begins to be calculated after the sentence has been served. A prison sentence must have been served, the probationary period in the event of a conditional release must have been completed and any fines imposed must have been paid before you can become a Swedish citizen.

Special treatment

If you have been sentenced to special treatment (särskild vård) after a crime, we consider the penalty normally imposed for the crime concerned.

Qualifying periods
PenaltyQualifying period
Fine 30x daily incomeAt least one year after the crime. For example, if you receive a fine 50x your daily income, the qualifying period is calculated as one and a half years.
Fine 60x daily incomeAt least two years after the crime
Fine 100x daily incomeAt least three years after the crime
Suspended sentenceAt least three years after the sentence went into effect (became legally valid). If, at the same time, you received a custodial sentence or a fine of more than 60x your daily income, the qualifying period becomes longer.
ProbationAt least four years from the date on which the probationary period began. If, at the same time, you received a custodial sentence or a fine of more than 60x your daily income, the qualifying period becomes longer.
1-month custodial sentenceAt least four years after the crime
4-month custodial sentence At least five years after the crime
8-month custodial sentence At least six years after the crime
1-year custodial sentence At least seven years after sentence served
2-year custodial sentence At least eight years after sentence served
4-year custodial sentence At least nine years after sentence served
6-year custodial sentence At least ten years after sentence served

If you have committed crimes on more than one occasion, the qualifying period may be longer than in the table specified above.

Last updated: 2017-10-27

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If you wish to ask the Migration Agency a question you can find our contact details under the heading Contact us.