If you are a close relative of someone applying for a residence permit to live with you in Sweden

A person who is a citizen of a country outside the EU or EEA, and who wants to move to Sweden to live with a family member, must apply for a residence permit. The permit must be granted before the move to Sweden.

Your husband, wife, cohabiting partner, registered partner and your children under the age of 18 can be granted a residence permit in Sweden if

  • you are a Swedish citizen, have a permanent residence permit or a temporary residence permit with refugee status
  • you can support yourself and your family members who are applying for residence permits
  • you have a home of sufficient size and standard for all of you to live in
  • you and your partner are at least 18 years old.

If you have applied for asylum and been granted a temporary residence permit or if you have a temporary residence permit on account of exceptional or distressing circumstances, or impediments to enforcement, both you and your partner must be at least 21 years old in order for your partner to be able to get a residence permit. You also have to have lived together before you moved to Sweden. An exemption can be made from the age requirement if you have common children.

If you are a Swedish citizen or have a permanent residence permit, the person you are planning to marry or cohabit with may also be granted a residence permit in order to join you in Sweden.

In exceptional cases, a close relative who is not and will not be your husband, wife or cohabiting partner may also be granted a residence permit to live with you in Sweden. This requires that you have a permanent residence permit. This exemption is not applicable if you are a Swedish citizen.

Read more about residence permits for close relatives

If you have a temporary residence permit with status as a person eligible for subsidiary protection your asylum application has to have been registered on or before 24 November 2015 in order for your family to have the possibility of joining you in Sweden. If you applied for asylum after 24 November 2015 and have the status of a person eligible for subsidiary protection, your family will only be entitled to join you in Sweden in exceptional cases.

Other rules apply to family members of persons who have moved to Sweden to work or study.

Read more about what applies for members of families of persons with work permits

Read more about what applies for members of families of persons with residence permits for studies

Maintenance requirement

As the person living in Sweden, you must be able to support yourself and the members of your family who are applying for residence permits. You also need to have a home of sufficient size and standard for all of you to live in.

Your maintenance

You need to show that you have regular work-related income that enables you to support yourself and your family members who are applying for residence permits. Here are examples of what is counted as work-related income:

  • pay from work
  • unemployment benefit
  • sickness benefit
  • earnings-related retirement pension.

You also meet the maintenance requirement if you have large enough net assets for you and your family members applying for residence permits to live on.

Your income

How high an income you must have to meet the maintenance requirement depends on how big your family is and how high your housing costs are. You must have an income that corresponds to what is called a ‘standard amount’ when your housing cost has been deducted. This means that, after your housing has been paid each month, you have to have enough money to cover, for example, food, clothing, hygiene, telephone, household electricity, insurance and other minor outlays for temporary needs.

For 2018 the standard amount is

  • SEK 4 814 for a single adult
  • SEK 7 952 for spouses or partners living together
  • SEK 2 554 for children aged 6 years or younger
  • SEK 2 940 for children aged 7 years or older.

Your home

You have to have a home of sufficient size and standard for all of you to live in. For two adults without children a home is big enough if it has a kitchen or kitchenette and at least one room. If children are going to live in the home, there must be more rooms. Two children can share a bedroom.

A sub-let home is alright, but the sub-let must be approved by the landlord, housing cooperative association or regional rent tribunal. If one has a live-in arrangement at someone else’s residence, or lives at home with one’s parents, one is not viewed as having an acceptable type of housing.

You have to be able to use the home from when your family members come to Sweden.

Exemptions from the maintenance requirement

The maintenance and housing requirement does not apply to you if you

  • are a child under 18 years
  • are a refugee or a person eligible for subsidiary protection and you have family members who apply for a residence permit no later than three months after you were given a residence permit. This only applies if the family member is your husband, wife, cohabiting partner, registered partner or child under 18 years of age and you do not have the possibility of being reunified in a country outside the EU. You and your partner have to have a well-established relationship. This means that you have to have lived together for at least two years. If you have or are expecting a common child, a period shorter than two years may be sufficient.
  • have a family member who is applying to extend their residence permit.

Questionnaire about family relationship and the maintenance requirement

When your family member has submitted an application for a residence permit to live with you in Sweden, you will have to reply to a questionnaire about your relationship. If you are covered by the maintenance requirement, you will also have to show that you can support yourself and your family members who are applying for residence permits and that you have a home of a sufficient size and standard for all of you to live in. Your answers are of importance for the Migration Agency's assessment of your family member’s application and it is important that you reply to the questions within the period when you have been asked to fill in the questionnaire. If you do not meet the maintenance and housing requirements, your family will have their application for residence permits refused.

If you do not have a permanent job and a long-term tenancy agreement, you may need to show that you meet the maintenance requirement again when we investigate your family’s application.

If your family applied for residence permits before 21 July 2016

If your family member submitted their application before 20 July 2016, the maintenance requirement is lower. Then you only need to show that you can support yourself and that you have a home of sufficient size and standard for you to live in together.

The maintenance requirement does not apply to you if a member of your family applied for a residence permit before 20 July 2016 and if you

  • are a citizen of Sweden, of an EU/EEA country or of Switzerland
  • have a permanent residence permit and have lived in Sweden for at least four years on a residence permit for settlement
  • are a child under 18 years
  • have been given a residence permit as a refugee or have been given refugee status
  • have been given a residence permit as a person eligible for subsidiary protection or have been given status as a person eligible for subsidiary protection
  • have been granted resettlement in Sweden as you have been included in the Swedish refugee quota
  • have special grounds, such as a long-term reduction in your work capacity due to illness.
  • have a family member who is applying to extend their residence permit
  • have a child under 18 who is applying for a residence permit. This applies whether the child is applying alone or together with the other parent.

Apply online

Your family member can apply for a residence permit online. In addition to your address, telephone number and email address, your family member will also need your Swedish personal identity number when they fill in their application. The Migration Agency will use your personal identity number to check whether you meet the requirements that will allow your partner to apply for a residence permit online, and whether or not you are covered by the maintenance requirement.

You can make an online application for your family member. To do so, you need to have a power of attorney from your family member giving you the right to apply for a residence permit for them. Your family member can hand in the power of attorney when they visit the embassy or the consulate-general.

Apply for a residence permit

Read more about powers of attorney

In order for the Migration Agency to be able to process an online application from your family member, you must as their close relative in Sweden

  • be at least 18 years old. The person applying for the residence permit also has to be at least 18 years old. If you have a temporary residence permit in Sweden, you and your partner must be at least 21 years old. An exemption can be made if you have common children
  • have a permanent residence permit, a temporary residence permit with refugee status, or be a Swedish or Nordic citizen, if the person applying is your husband, wife, registered partner or cohabiting partner
  • have a permanent residence permit, or be a Swedish or Nordic citizen, if you plan to marry or become the cohabiting partner of the person applying for a residence permit
  • have a permanent residence permit or be a Finnish, Norwegian, Danish or Icelandic or citizen if the person applying is another close relative
  • have a valid email address
  • be able to scan or photograph and attach a copy of your passport or identity card when you answer your questionnaire.

If you have a temporary residence permit with status as a person eligible for subsidiary protection, your asylum application has to have been registered on or before 24 November 2015 in order for your family to have the possibility of joining you in Sweden. If you applied for asylum after 24 November 2015 and have the status of a person eligible for subsidiary protection, your family will only have the possibility of joining you in Sweden in exceptional cases.

When your family member has sent in their application you will receive an email. The email will contain instructions for logging in to a questionnaire, which you have to fill in within two weeks. Note that you should not register as a user to fill in the questionnaire before you have received an email from the Migration Agency.

Power of attorney

At any time at all during the application process, your family member can give you a power of attorney. If you have a power of attorney to represent your family member, you will be notified of the decision. If the decision is sent home to you, you are responsible for informing your family member about the Migration Agency’s decision. If you do not have a power of attorney, the embassy or the consulate-general will notify your family member of the decision.

Power of Attorney, form number 107011PDF

Check the application

When your family member has submitted their application, he or she will be given a reference number (case number). You can use that number to check whether the application has been registered by the Swedish Migration Agency and whether a decision has been made.

Check the application

When you have received an email telling you to complete the questionnaire

When you agree to the terms of use below, the login page opens and there you can register as a user. You will then receive the login information you need in order to fill in the questionnaire.

If your answers have not been received within two weeks from when your family member submitted their online application, the Migration Agency may refuse your application.

Note that you should register your marriage or partnership with the Swedish Tax Agency in Sweden.

Application at an embassy or consulate-general

If your family member is unable to apply online, they have to apply via a Swedish embassy or consulate-general. Once their application has reached Sweden, the Swedish Migration Agency reviews it and then sends a letter home to your registered address. The letter says that we have received your family member's application and that we need you to complete a questionnaire and send it in to us. You will be given information about which questionnaire to fill in. Please do not fill in a questionnaire until you have received instructions about which one to fill in.

It can take between a few weeks and a few months for you to receive the letter with information about the questionnaire.

Last updated: 2014-09-02

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If you wish to ask the Migration Agency a question you can find our contact details under the heading Contact us.