The Swedish Migration Agency will investigate your application according to the Swedish Aliens Act. Under different headlines on our website, you can read more about the law and your rights and obligations as an asylum applicant.
In the convention relating to the status of refugees, EU-regulations and the Swedish Aliens Acts, you are considered a refugee if you have a well-founded fear of persecution related to, as an example, your sexual orientation, gender, gender identity or expression or other inherence to specific social group. The persecution may originate from the government of your country of origin, but may also be caused by people or groups in your close environment and the government of your country of origin cannot or will not protect you from the persecution.
The risk of persecution may give you refugee status, regardless if it is the state, your family or others that threaten you. Your right to freedom of speech and to engage in political movements without fear of persecution independent of ethnicity, religion and so on, are also examples of what may give you the right to stay in Sweden. Be precise when you describe your specific situation and what you are afraid might happen
The Dublin Regulation
The EU-member states and some other European states are bound by an EU Regulation called “the Dublin Regulation". The rules in this Regulation clarify which EU-state is responsible to examine your application. The principle applied is that an application of asylum should be examined by the first Member State the asylum seeker came into contact with. When you have applied for asylum the Migration Agency will first examine if Sweden is the country that should examine your application.
If you have passed through, sought asylum or been granted visa or residence permit in another EU country, but believe you have reasons for your asylum application to be examined in Sweden, you may explain this (and if possible provide documentation to prove the reasons why you want your application to be examined in Sweden) during a meeting called “kommunicering".
More information about the Dublin Regulation.