Frequently asked questions about permanent residence permits if you have previously applied for asylum and can now support yourself as an employee or self-employed person
To be able to get a permanent residence permit as an employee or self-employed person you must
- have a temporary residence permit under the temporary law
- be at least 25 years old or be able to show that you have completed an upper secondary education in Sweden or have a corresponding foreign education
- you have sufficiently high income to support yourself through employment or your own business (you can combine incomes from different jobs and/or businesses you own)
- your wages, insurance coverage and additional terms of employment are no worse than the terms laid down by Swedish collective agreements, or than what is normal practice in your occupation or industry
- your employment is not subsidized with any form of government grant (as with e.g. an entry recruitment job)
- your employment is long-term, i.e. you have permanent employment or an employment contract lasting at least two years
- your employer has reported your employment to the Swedish Tax Agency
- your employment began no later than the final day of your temporary residence permit (a promise of employment or a signed employment contract is not sufficient)
- you have the necessary permits, and any necessary licenses or credentials for practicing your occupation (e.g. a medical license or a taxi driver’s license).
If you want to apply for a permanent residence permit that you can insure as your own company, there are additional requirements.
You have to send in your certificate of employment and the form “Uppgifter om försörjning” (Information about means of support) along with your application. On the form you have to say whether your employer has sent a report to the Swedish Tax Agency. You should not send in a certificate from the Swedish Tax Agency to show that your employer has reported your employment. The Swedish Migration Agency contacts the Swedish Tax Agency to see that your employer has reported your employment in time.
If you meet the requirements for a permanent residence permit through your employment, you do not need to tell us anything about your business in your application. But if you are uncertain about whether you earn enough through your employment, you can tell us about both your employment and your business. The Migration Agency will then add up the income from your employment and your business.
We will first look to see whether you meet all the requirements through your employment. If the income from your employment is enough to be given a permanent residence permit, we stop there and do not need to examine your business. If you are given a permanent residence permit, you have the right both to work and to run your own business.
No. Studies at an introductory programme are not considered completed studies at upper secondary level, which are required for a permanent residence permit for someone who is under the age of 25. You must first continue your studies at upper secondary school level.
The following are considered completed studies:
- studies at a national programme at an upper secondary school or special needs upper secondary school
- full-time studies at upper secondary level at a folk high school, in municipal adult education (Komvux) or special needs municipal adult education (Särvux)
- a so-called vocational training package, i.e. vocational training aimed at facilitating establishment on the labour market and provided within the framework of an introductory programme at a upper secondary school or full-time studies at a comprehensive vocational course in municipal adult education (Komvux) or special needs municipal adult education (Särvux).
If you have turned 25, there is no requirement that you have fulfilled an upper secondary level education.
If you have a job or self-employment that enables you to support yourself, you can state this when you apply for an extension. If you meet all the conditions, you can get a permanent residence permit. One of the conditions is that you must either have attained 25 years or completed an upper secondary education. In this case, introduction programmes are not counted as a completed upper secondary education.
No. For the Swedish Migration Agency to be able to approve your application, you must have permanent employment (i.e. open-ended employment) or an employment contract that applies for at least two years from when the decision is taken in your case. An ongoing probationary employment does not meet the requirements since an employment cannot be considered to be lasting during the period when the probationary employment is running. This is because the probationary employment can be ended at short notice. For you to be able to get a permanent residence permit, the probationary employment must have been changed into a permanent employment when the Swedish Migration Agency examines your application, which is in conjunction with when your present residence permit expires.
To get a permanent residence permit because you can support yourself as an employed person, one requirement is that you have either completed your upper secondary education or attained 25 years. (In this case, introduction programmes are not counted as a completed upper secondary education). If you are under 25, you must, in other words, take all of your upper secondary education before you can apply for a permanent residence permit as an employed person.
If you meet all the conditions, you can get a permanent residence permit as an employed person. But you cannot apply for a permanent residence permit until it is time to apply for an extended residence permit, i.e. no earlier than two months before your present residence permit expires. But you can start working during the period when you have a residence permit for upper secondary studies.