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Frequently asked ques­tions about permanent residence permits if you have previously applied for asylum and can now support yourself as an employee or self-employed person 

To be able to get a perma­nent resi­dence permit as an employee or self-employed person you must

  • have a temporary residence permit under the temporary law
  • be at least 25 years old or be able to show that you have completed an upper secondary education in Sweden or have a corresponding foreign education
  • you have sufficiently high income to support yourself through employment or your own business (you can combine incomes from different jobs and/or businesses you own)
  • your wages, insurance coverage and additional terms of employment are no worse than the terms laid down by Swedish collective agreements, or than what is normal practice in your occupation or industry
  • your employment is not subsidized with any form of government grant (as with e.g. an entry recruitment job)
  • your employment is long-term. This means that you have permanent employment or a contract for at least two years’ employment, calculated from the date on which the Swedish Migration Agency makes a decision about your application
  • your employer has reported your employment to the Swedish Tax Agency
  • you have started your job no later than by the time the Swedish Migration Agency examines your application, i.e. when your temporary residence permit expires (a promise of employment or a signed employment contract is not sufficient)
  • you have the necessary permits, and any necessary licenses or credentials for practicing your occupation (e.g. a medical license or a taxi driver’s license).

If you want to apply for a permanent residence permit that you can insure as your own company, there are additional requirements.

Read about what is required to get an extended residence permit as an employee

Read about what is required to get an extended residence permit as a self-employee

When the Swedish Migration Agency examines your application, we will contact the Swedish Tax Agency to confirm that your employer has reported your employment. You do not need to submit any certificate from the Swedish Tax Agency in order to show that your employer has reported your employment.

If you meet the requirements for a permanent residence permit through your employment, you do not need to tell us anything about your business in your application. But if you are uncertain about whether you earn enough through your employment, you can tell us about both your employment and your business. The Migration Agency will then add up the income from your employment and your business.

We will first look to see whether you meet all the requirements through your employment. If the income from your employment is enough to be given a permanent residence permit, we stop there and do not need to examine your business. If you are given a permanent residence permit, you have the right both to work and to run your own business.

Read about what is required to get an extended residence permit as an employee

Read about what is required to get an extended residence permit as an self-employee

No. Studies at an introductory programme are not considered completed studies at upper secondary level, which are required for a permanent residence permit for someone who is under the age of 25. You must first continue your studies at upper secondary school level.

The following are considered completed studies:

  • studies at a national programme at an upper secondary school or special needs upper secondary school
  • full-time studies at upper secondary level at a folk high school, in municipal adult education (Komvux) or special needs municipal adult education (Särvux)
  • a so-called vocational training package, i.e. vocational training aimed at facilitating establishment on the labour market and provided within the framework of an introductory programme at a upper secondary school or full-time studies at a comprehensive vocational course in municipal adult education (Komvux) or special needs municipal adult education (Särvux).

If you have turned 25, there is no requirement that you have fulfilled an upper secondary level education.

Read more about study programmes on the National Agency for Education (Skolverket) website (in Swedish)external link, opens in new window

If you have a job or self-employment that enables you to support yourself, you can state this when you apply for an extension. If you meet all the conditions, you can get a permanent residence permit. One of the conditions is that you must either have attained 25 years or completed an upper secondary education. In this case, introduction programmes are not counted as a completed upper secondary education.

Read about what is required to get an extended residence permit as an employee

Read about what is required to get an extended residence permit as an self-employee

Read about how to apply for an extended residence permit

Yes, in certain cases you can get a permanent residence permit. If the content of your application makes it clear to the Swedish Migration Agency that your probationary period will transition to permanent employment (also known as an employment contract with an “indefinite duration”) and you meet all other requirements, you can get a permanent residence permit. Although it is common for a probationary period to transition to permanent employment, an employer has the right to terminate your probationary period at short notice. In order to assess whether your employment will transition to permanent employment, you or your employer may be contacted by the Swedish Migration Agency, which may want to know more about your job.

Read more about the requirements for obtaining a permanent residence permit as an employee

Your protection status is not limited in time and is not affected by applying for a permanent residence permit. The Swedish Migration Agency only reassesses your protection status if there is reason to believe that you no longer need protection (for example, if the situation in your home country has improved).

To get a permanent residence permit because you can support yourself as an employed person, one requirement is that you have either completed your upper secondary education or attained 25 years. (In this case, introduction programmes are not counted as a completed upper secondary education). If you are under 25, you must, in other words, take all of your upper secondary education before you can apply for a permanent residence permit as an employed person.

Read about what is required to get an extended residence permit as an employee

If you meet all the conditions, you can get a permanent residence permit as an employed person. But you cannot apply for a permanent residence permit until it is time to apply for an extended residence permit, i.e. no earlier than two months before your present residence permit expires. But you can start working during the period when you have a residence permit for upper secondary studies.

Yes, you can receive a permanent residence permit if you can show that you meet all the requirements and have started working before the Swedish Migration Agency makes a decision in your case. You can supplement your application to show that you have started working by submitting Form Number 202011, Uppgifter om försörjning (Information about Self-Sufficiency).

Read more about how to apply for an extended residence permit

In order to get a permanent residence permit, you must be able to support yourself with income from employment or business activities (i.e. your own company) that are long-term. Thus, it is not enough to show that you have an income at the moment. You must also be able to show that you will have a sufficient income for a long time to come. “Long-term employment” primarily refers to employment contracts with an indefinite duration, also known as permanent employment. However, a fixed-term employment contract may also be considered long-term if it will last for a longer period of time. According to the assessment of the Swedish Migration Agency, employment must last for at least two years from the date of the Swedish Migration Agency’s decision in order for it to be considered to meet the law's requirements for long-term employment.

Yes, you can apply for a permanent residence permit as an employee even though you are/will be on sick leave. The Swedish Migration Agency reviews the terms of your employment and assesses whether you can support yourself on your wages. If the Swedish Migration Agency determines that you will be able to support yourself on your wages once you return to work, and that your employment is long-term despite your sick leave, you can get a permanent residence permit.

Yes, you can apply for a permanent residence permit as an employee even though you are/will be on parental leave. The Swedish Migration Agency reviews the terms of your employment and assesses whether you can support yourself on your wages. If the Swedish Migration Agency determines that you will be able to support yourself on your wages when you return to work, and that your employment is long-term despite your parental leave, you can get a permanent residence permit.

Last updated: 2021-03-08

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