Residence permit for upper secondary school studies for those who have applied for asylum
If you are between 17 and 24, and currently have or have previously had a residence permit based on the need for protection, and if you have begun a course of study at upper secondary level, then you may receive a residence permit for upper secondary studies.
The new law on upper secondary studies from 1 July 2018 – the last day to apply has passed
1 July 2018, a temporary amendment to the law on upper secondary school came into force. The temporary amendment gives people who have received a decision on deportation an opportunity to get a residence permit to study. The last day to apply for residence permit for upper secondary school studies under the new law was 30 September 2018. The Migration Agency is now processing the applications.
Requirements for a residence permit for upper secondary school studies
There are many factors which affect whether you are able to receive a residence permit for upper secondary school studies. The decision is affected by whether you have a temporary residence permit that you want to extend, whether you are applying for asylum for the first time, and whether you have had your asylum application rejected. The decision is also affected by whether you are an unaccompanied minor, whether you are studying in a national programme, an introduction programme or on a vocational course, and, in some cases, by when your first application for asylum was registered by the Swedish Migration Agency.
In order to be able to receive a residence permit for upper secondary studies, you must be studying at an upper secondary level in an introduction programme, a national programme or on a vocational course at an upper secondary or a special needs upper secondary school. Full-time studies at upper secondary level at a folk high school or municipal adult education centre (Komvux) and full-time studies on a coherent vocational training programme within Komvux or within special needs education for adults (Särvux) are also counted.
You must be studying full-time. Residence permits for part-time study are only granted in exceptional cases; for example, in the event of illness or disability, or in cases where you need to supplement an educational course from another country.
If you are granted a residence permit that is valid for more than 13 months, then you must demonstrate each year that you have been actively participating in your studies. You can do this by, for example, submitting attendance reports or school reports. If you are unable to do this, the Swedish Migration Agency may reconsider the length of your residence permit or withdraw it. The Swedish Migration Agency will contact you when it is time to send in new information about the results of your studies.
Once you have completed your studies, you may apply for an extension of your residence permit.
If you have had an application rejected or received a decision on expulsion or deportation
If you have had an application rejected or received a decision on expulsion or deportation, you may still, in certain cases, be entitled to a residence permit for upper secondary studies.
If you have received a decision on expulsion or deportation that cannot be enacted before you turn 18 as you have no reception arranged for you in your country of origin, then you can apply for a residence permit for upper secondary studies. In order to be eligible for such a residence permit, your first application for asylum must have been submitted on or before 24 November 2015.
New law on upper secondary education, 1 July to 30 September 2018
Between 1 July 2018 and 30 September, persons over the age of 18 who have received a decision on expulsion or deportation because the Swedish Migration Agency has determined that they lack grounds for protection were also able to apply for a residence permit for upper secondary studies.
If you applied for asylum on or after 25 November 2015 and you received a decision on expulsion or deportation within 15 months from the date on which you applied for asylum, then you are not covered by the new law on upper secondary education.
Test whether you meet the requirements
The Swedish Migration Agency has created a guide where you can test whether you meet the requirements to be granted a residence permit for upper secondary school studies.
How to apply
If you have applied for asylum for the first time and are still waiting for a decision on your application, you do not need to do anything until the Swedish Migration Agency contacts you. We will get in touch and ask you to send in an individual study plan. If you have still not had your asylum investigation, then you will be asked about whether you are studying at an upper secondary school during the investigation. You can prepare for your visit by bringing your individual study plan along with you to the investigation. If you do not bring your study plan with you to your asylum investigation, you will still be able to send it in to the Swedish Migration Agency by post within 14 days of your investigation.
Application for extension
If you apply for an extension of a temporary residence permit because you have a need for protection, then you will also be asked whether you are studying at an upper secondary school. You will then be able to receive a longer residence permit, or a residence permit for secondary school studies.
Application under the new law 1 July–30 September
The last day to apply for residence permit for upper secondary school studies under the new law was 30 September 2018. The Migration Agency is now processing the applications.
You will be able to be reunited with close family members after receiving a residence permit for upper secondary studies if you have refugee status, or status as a person who is eligible for subsidiary protection, and provided also that you applied for asylum on or before 24 November 2015. In order to be reunited with your parents, you must be under 18 years of age.
In order for your spouse or registered partner to be able to receive a residence permit to move to join you in Sweden after you have received a residence permit for upper secondary studies, it is required that
- you have refugee status, or status as a person who is eligible for subsidiary protection, and that you applied for asylum on or before 24 November 2015
- you are both over 21 years of age (exceptions can be made if you have children in common)
- you lived together before moving to Sweden.
If your application for asylum has been rejected and you have received a decision on expulsion or deportation, then your family members are unable to obtain residence permits to move to Sweden, even if you have a residence permit to study.
After the decision has been made
If you receive a residence permit for upper secondary studies, it will be valid for thirteen months, for four years, or for six months past the time that is left in your studies. The length of the permit depends on the grounds on which you receive a permit. You have the same right to health care as a person with a permanent residence permit.
As proof of your residence permit, you will receive a residence permit card. The card is not an identity document or travel document. You can travel into or out of the country, but when you leave Sweden, you must have a valid passport, and your residence permit card, to be able to return.
When you have received a temporary residence permit, you should register in the Swedish Population Register through the Swedish Tax Agency as soon as possible. Registration in the Population Register is required in order for you to be able to take advantage of the Swedish social insurance system. Once you are registered, you can also obtain a Swedish identity document, which is required for opening a bank account, for example.
To register in the population register, you should contact the Swedish Tax Agency, who will register your place of residence, your civil status (whether you are married or not), your citizenship and your place of birth. If you are under 18, you should do this together with your guardian. When you visit the Swedish Tax Agency, you should bring your residence permit card and a valid identity document with you. If your identity document is with the Swedish Migration Agency, you can ask to receive a copy of it. The copy should be signed by a person attesting that the copy corresponds to the original. The person should also write his/her name in block letters and provide his/her telephone number.
One month after receiving a residence permit, you will be discharged from the Swedish Migration Agency. You will then no longer receive a daily allowance, and your bank card will stop working. If you need the money that is on the card, it is important that you withdraw it before being discharged from the Swedish Migration Agency. Your asylum case will then be closed. Thereafter, the municipality where you reside will have full responsibility for you.
If you are studying at an upper secondary level, you have the right to receive student grants.
After your studies
After your upper secondary school studies have been completed, you can apply for an extension of your residence permit. If you have completed your studies, you may apply for a six-month residence permit, which gives you time to find work in Sweden. When you have found a job, you can apply for a permanent residence permit if you can demonstrate that you are able to support yourself through income from employment or self-employment.
If you are unable to complete your studies in the time for which you received a residence permit, you can, under certain conditions, obtain an extended residence permit for the completion of your studies. If you are studying in a national programme, you must demonstrate that you have been actively participating in your studies.
You should apply for an extension before your temporary residence permit ends.