Permanent residence permit for asylum seekers

If you are granted a permanent residence permit you have the right to live and work in Sweden on the same terms as everyone else who resides here.

Your permanent residence permit is valid as long as you live in Sweden. You will receive a residence permit card as proof that you have a residence permit. The card is not an identification document or a travel document. You can travel in and out of the country, but if you leave Sweden you must have a valid passport and your residence permit card in order to re-enter the country. You should also save your notification of the decision to grant you a permanent residence permit. You will find this useful if you need to contact other government agencies.

You do not need to apply for an extension of your residence permit but the residence permit card is only valid for up to five years. To get a new residence permit card you must visit the Swedish Migration Agency to be photographed and to have your fingerprints taken again.

Read more about residence permit cards

Registering with the population register

When you have received a permanent residence permit you should register with the population register at the Swedish Tax Agency (Skatteverket) as soon as possible. Population registration is required before you can attend Swedish for Immigrants (sfi) classes and be entitled to the benefits of the Swedish social security system. Once you have registered with the population register you can also obtain a Swedish identity document which you will need, for example, if you wish to open a bank account.

To register with the population register you should go to the Swedish Tax Agency which will record where you live, your marital status (whether or not you are married), your citizenship and your place of birth. When you go to the Swedish Tax Agency you should take your residence permit card with you as well as a valid identification document. If your identification document is held by the Swedish Migration Agency you can ask for a copy of it. The copy should be signed by a person who certifies that the copy is the same as the original. This person should also write their name in capital letters and give their telephone number.

The Swedish Tax Agency's information on population registrationexternal link, opens in new window

Establishment contributions

If you have recently received a residence permit in Sweden and have the right to work here, you may be entitled to establishment contributions to get started in the workforce. Establishment contributions are activities that can provide support for you in e.g. learning Swedish, getting started in the workforce, and providing for yourself. The Swedish Public Employment Service is responsible for establishment contributions and job seekers in Sweden. You can find more information on the Swedish Public Employment Service's website. The information is available in several languages.

Information on establishment support at the Swedish Public Employment Service's websiteexternal link, opens in new window

Family reunification

If you have been granted a permanent residence permit your family can apply for residence permits so that they can join you in Sweden.

You may be subject to a so-called maintenance requirement. This means that you must be able to support both yourself and your family. You must also have a home that is large enough and of appropriate standard for you to live in together when your family moves to Sweden.

Read more about family reunification and the maintenance requirement

The residence permit can be withdrawn

Your permanent residence permit can be withdrawn if you leave Sweden. If you notify the Swedish Migration Agency that you wish to retain your permanent residence permit, you can remain abroad for up to two years without your permit being affected.

If you have not returned to Sweden after two years the Migration Agency may withdraw your residence permit. The residence permit can also be withdrawn if you gave a false identity when you applied for the residence permit, or if you knowingly lied or failed to mention something that was significant for your residence permit.

If you are convicted of a crime, the court can decide that you should be deported. The Migration Agency will then withdraw your residence permit. Your residence permit can be withdrawn even if you have had the permit for several years.

Notification that you wish to retain your permanent residence permit

To declare that you wish to retain your permanent residence permit when you are spending a long time in another country you should fill out the form Anmälan om att få behålla permanent uppehållstillstånd (Notification of desire to retain permanent residence permit), number 186011. Send the form to migrationsverket@migrationsverket.se or to

Migrationsverket
601 70 Norrköping

Your notification should arrive at the Swedish Migration Agency no later than one week before you leave Sweden. If your trip is cancelled you should inform the Swedish Migration Agency of this no later than the day on which you had intended to travel.

Notification of desire to retain permanent residence permit, form number 187011PDF

Information for persons arriving in Sweden with a residence permit

Do not forget to save your residence permit decision. It will be useful when contacting various national authorities and organisations.

To register as living in Sweden and obtain a Swedish personal identity number, contact the Swedish Tax Agency, Skatteverket.external link, opens in new window

To be registered in the social insurance system, contact the Swedish Social Insurance Agency, Försäkringskassan.external link, opens in new window

Some municipalities have municipal housing agencies where you can look for accommodation. The municipality can also give you advice on private landlords.

The municipality in which you live will offer child care and schooling for children.

For questions about healthcare, contact the County Council or region where you live. Find the right health care at 1177 Vårdguiden.external link, opens in new window

For questions about learning Swedish for Immigrants (SFI), contact the municipality you live in. See also the website of the Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions.external link, opens in new window

If you are looking for a job you can register with the Swedish Public Employment Service, Arbetsförmedlingen.external link, opens in new window

For information about studying at colleges or universities, see Universityadmissions.seexternal link, opens in new window or studera.nu.external link, opens in new window

For questions about student loans and grants, contact CSN.external link, opens in new window

For questions concerning driving licenses, visit the Swedish Transport Agency.external link, opens in new window

For questions about the right to vote, contact the Election Authority, Valmyndigheten.external link, opens in new window

Information from the Swedish National Agency for Education about the Swedish education system can be found at www.omsvenskaskolan.se.external link, opens in new window

Information about society in Sweden can be found in a number of languages at informationsverige.se.external link, opens in new window

For more information on society in Sweden visit the website of the Swedish Institute.external link, opens in new window

UR Nyanländexternal link, opens in new window is a series of programmes about your rights and duties in Sweden.

The information service at the Swedish Consumer Agencyexternal link, opens in new window can answer your questions about buying goods and services and about contract terms and conditions.

On the page Learn Swedísh on www.informationsverige.se,external link you will find links to several programs for learning Swedish on your own.

Last updated: 28 June 2019

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If you wish to ask the Migration Agency a question you can find our contact details under the heading Contact us.