Return voluntarily to your country of origin after your asylum application is refused

Returning voluntarily means that you accept the decision that you are not allowed to remain in Sweden and that you are cooperating by returning to your country of origin.

Once you receive a decision concerning refusal of entry or expulsion, you will be called to a meeting with a case officer to discuss your return. During this meeting, you will be given information about the different alternatives available in your case and you may also ask any questions you might have.

If you are unable to arrange your journey yourself, you and the case officer will draw up a plan detailing what you will do and what the Migration Agency can do. For example, you may contact your embassy in order to obtain a passport, while the Migration Agency can help you arrange transit visas if you have to make stopovers and change planes during your return journey.

Returning within two or four weeks

If you have received an expulsion order, you must leave the country within four weeks from the date the decision enters into force. If you have received a decision of refusal of entry, you must leave the country within two weeks from the date the decision comes into force, unless otherwise stated in the decision.

The decision enters into force three weeks after you received it, if you do not appeal the decision before then.

If you do not leave Sweden within the  time period specified in the decision, you will normally be issued a re-entry ban covering all Schengen countries, as well as Romania, Bulgaria, and Croatia. The re-entry ban is valid for one year.

Read more about the re-entry ban and how you can avoid being issued one

Refusal of entry with immediate effect

If you receive a decision of a refusal of entry with immediate effect, you must leave Sweden as soon as you receive the decision. You can appeal against the decision within three weeks of receiving the order, but you cannot stay in Sweden while waiting for the court to consider your appeal.

If you receive an order for refusal of entry with immediate effect, you are normally also subject to a re-entry ban even if you leave Sweden immediately. This means that if you have received an order for refusal of entry with immediate effect you cannot enter any country in the Schengen Area, as well as Romania, Bulgaria, and Croatia, for at least two years.

Returning to a country other than your country of origin

Returning to another country within the European Union

The Migration Agency may decide that you have to return to another EU Member State and that your asylum application is to be considered there. This may for example be due to you having been in another EU Member State before arriving in Sweden, or that you have been granted a visa to or applied for asylum in another EU Member State. These rules can be found in the Dublin Regulation.

If instead you wish to return to your country of origin, this may be approved if it will not entail a delay in your return or be significantly more expensive.

Read more about the Dublin Regulation and why you cannot choose the country where your asylum application is examined

Another country than the one specified in the decision

You must return to the country stated in the decision on refusal of entry or expulsion. This is usually the country where you are a citizen.

However, you may also return to a country other than the one specified in the decision if you can show that you will be accepted there. In this case, you will need a valid passport and a residence permit for this country. A tourist visa or exemption from visa is not sufficient. This will not be permitted if it means that your return will be delayed or significantly more expensive.

You are responsible for obtaining travel documents

It is your responsibility to obtain a passport or temporary travel documents to return within the valid time period.

If you need help, the Migration Agency can contact the authorities in your country of origin and apply for a passport for you. In this case the Migration Agency must supply your personal information to the authorities in your country of origin, but we will not reveal that you have applied for asylum in Sweden.

If there is no other way to obtain a passport you may, in exceptional cases, be issued a temporary alien’s passport from the Migration Agency. In this case the temporary alien’s passport is only valid for your return travel to your country of origin.

Ticket for travel

You are primarily responsible for paying for your return journey. If you If you can not afford to do so the Migration Agency may book and pay for the ticket.

You can withdraw your application

You can withdraw your application for asylum, and return home voluntarily even before your application for asylum is processed. You may receive help preparing for your return journey if you contact your case officer at the reception unit where you are registered.

Support on returning

Talk to your reception officer about what sort of support you need for the return. You can, for example, receive help in contacting organisations in Sweden which can provide information about the situation in your country of origin or give you advice and support for the return journey, or help in contacting organisations in your country of origin to get support when you have returned.

If you return voluntarily you may, in some cases, apply for reestablishment support.

Read more about who may apply for reestablishment support and what the support involves

Last updated: 2017-02-21

Was the information on this page helpful to you?

Thank you for helping us improve our website!

Thank you for helping us improve our website!

Tell us how we can make this page better*






If you wish to ask the Migration Agency a question you can find our contact details under the heading Contact us.