If you have received a temporary residence permit on the basis of protection, you can obtain a permanent residence permit if you are able to support yourself
If you have applied for asylum and received a temporary residence permit that is valid for 12 or 13 months, you can receive an extended residence permit for up to two years if you still are in need of protection. If you are able to support yourself via work or self-employment, you can obtain a permanent residence permit in certain cases.
In order to obtain a permanent residence permit on the basis of self-sufficiency, you must be able to prove your identity. As a rule, it is required that you be able to prove your information through a passport or, in some cases, a national identity card. This means that there are higher demands for you to demonstrate who you are if you want to obtain permanent residency than there is if you are applying for an extended residence permit on the grounds of needing protection.
You must also be able to support yourself on the income you have from work or from your own business. You may add up the income you have and combine several part-time employment and/or income from several companies, but you must meet certain minimum levels of pay, insurance, etc.
If a special licence, identification or permit is required to practice your profession (e.g. a taxi driver licence, or licence for certain care professions), you must show that you have the permits required when you apply for a residence permit.
If you are under 25, you can only be granted a permanent residence permit on the basis of work or self-employment if you can show that you have completed Swedish upper secondary school (gymnasiet), or an equivalent foreign level of education.
If you are employed
To be able to receive a permanent residence permit, you must have permanent employment or a contract for at least 2 years’ employment.
Your employer must have reported your employment to the Swedish Tax Agency no later than the last day of your temporary residence permit, and you must have started your employment by that date. It is not sufficient to have an employment contract or a job offer.
Your wages, your insurance coverage and other terms of employment may not be lower than the terms imposed by Swedish collective agreements or practices in the profession or industry you work in.
You cannot obtain a permanent residence permit on the basis of income from employment that is subsidized by some form of government grant, e.g. an Entry Recruitment Incentive job. Ask your employer if you are unsure whether or not you have a subsidized job. The Swedish Public Employment Service (Arbetsförmedlingen) can also provide information about this.
If you run your own business
If you are self-employed, you must show that there is enough capital to run your business and support yourself for at least two years.
Apply before your residence permit expires
It is important that you apply for an extension before your temporary residence permit expires, but not earlier than three months before this. If you do not apply for an extension before your residence permit expires, you will not be allowed to work while waiting for a decision and you also risk losing certain benefits, such as introduction benefits, student grants or parenting allowances.
The Swedish Migration Agency can make decisions on permanent residence permits no earlier than the last day of your temporary residence permit.
If you do not fulfil the conditions for permanent residency on the basis of work or self-employment, you can still have your temporary residence permit extended if you are still in need of protection.
More information in the spring
More information on how to apply for an extension of your temporary residence permit will be available in the spring.