Permanent residence permit for children of employees or self-employed persons

Since 20 July, new requirements apply for anyone who wants to apply for a permanent residence permit. The Swedish Migration Agency is currently receiving many questions on how these new requirements affect children’s possibilities of obtaining permanent residence permits.

According to the new rules, your family is no longer automatically granted permanent residence permits when you are granted one. Each individual person must themselves meet the requirements and this may lead to members of the same family having to wait different amounts of time to obtain a permanent residence permit. Many parents are therefore wondering what is required for their children to obtain permanent residence permits.

A child of an employee or self-employed person may be granted a permanent residence permit if:

  • you as the employee or self-employed person are granted a permanent residence permit
  • the child meets the requirements for an extended residence permit
  • the child has lived in Sweden with a residence permit for at least three years

If your child is 15 years old or older, he or she must also live an orderly life. A person can have their application for a permanent residence permit denied if he or she is suspected or convicted of a crime.

The new requirement that one must be able to support oneself to be granted a permanent residence permit only applies to individuals who have turned 18.

Apply for a permanent residence permit in connection with the application for an extension

Everyone who applies for a permanent residence permit must meet the requirements for an extended residence permit and must have lived in Sweden for a certain amount of time. How much time is required depends on the type of residence permit a person has.

If you have a work permit or a permit as a self-employed person, you must meet the requirements for a permanent residence permit before your family members can receive one. But your children do not need to wait for both parents to meet the requirements for a permanent residence permit.

Children of employees

If you have a work permit, you may be granted a permanent residence permit after four years with a work permit at the earliest. Once you have been granted a permanent residence permit, your family members may also be granted one on condition that they have lived in Sweden with a residence permit for at least three years. This means that the whole family can usually apply for permanent residence permits at the same time.

Your family members do not need to wait for you to be granted a permanent residence permit before they themselves apply. The Swedish Migration Agency examines your application first. If you meet the requirements for a permanent residence permit, we examine if your family members meet the requirements for continued residence permits as close relatives of a person with a permanent residence permit. For this, it is required that you meet the maintenance requirement for close relatives. If your family members meet the requirements for continued residence permits, we can also examine if they meet the requirements for permanent residence permits.

Children of self-employed persons

If you have a residence permit as a self-employed person, you may be granted a permanent residence permit after two years at the earliest, but your family members may be granted permanent residence permits after three years with a residence permit in Sweden at the earliest. If you are granted a permanent residence permit after two years and meet the maintenance requirement for close relatives, your family members can be granted continued residence permits as close relatives of a person with a permanent residence permit. Your family members can then apply for permanent residence permits the next time it is time to apply for an extended residence permit, which is usually after another two years.

Maintenance requirement for close relatives

Once you are granted a permanent residence permit, your family members are no longer co-applicants, but rather are examined as close relatives to a person with a permanent residence permit. Then it is required that you meet a maintenance requirement in order for your family to continue to be granted residence permits in Sweden. This means that you must show that your income is enough to support the entire family and that you have a home that is of an adequate size and standard for all of you to live in. Your family members’ applications for permanent residence permits are examined only after these requirements are met.

The maintenance requirement for close relatives is different from the maintenance requirement for a self-employed person who has family that is applying together with him or her. It is also different from the maintenance requirement set on one person who applies for a permanent residence permit.

Read more about the maintenance requirement for close relatives – information for employees, self-employed persons or doctoral students with co-applicant family members

Apply for yourself and your family

It is only possible to be granted a permanent residence permit in connection with an application for an extended residence permit.

If you have a work permit or a residence permit as a self-employed person, you can apply for extended residence permits for yourself and your family members at the same time.

Read about how you apply to extend a work permit

Read about how to apply for an extended residence permit if you are a self-employed person