Residence status for British citizens
The general application period for residence status ended on 31 December 2021. Certain groups still have the opportunity to apply for residence status. Here you can read about the current conditions for obtaining residence status and what applies to frontier work.
Applications after 31 December 2021
As of 1 January 2022, the following groups have the opportunity to apply for residence status:
- Family members of a British citizen with residence status or permanent residence status
- Biological and adopted children who have at least one parent who is a British citizen with residence status or permanent residence status
In these cases, the application must have been received by the Swedish Migration Agency within three months of the child’s arrival in Sweden. For children born in Sweden, this means three months from their date of birth.
An application submitted after 31 December 2021 by someone who does not belong to any of the groups mentioned above can sometimes be accepted under the Withdrawal Agreement, so long as the applicant can cite plausible reasons for submitting her/his application after the deadline. To determine whether plausible reasons exist, an individual assessment must be made. In addition to providing a plausible reason for submitting your application too late, you must:
- be a British citizen, current family member of a British citizen, or former family member of a British citizen
- have been in Sweden in accordance with European Union law before the end of the transition period
- continue to live in Sweden after the end of the transition period and also continue to meet the requirements for the right of residence, meaning as an employee, sole proprietor, student, person with adequate funds or a family member of a person who meets these conditions
If you applied before 31 December 2021 but not yet received a decision regarding your application for residence status you have the right to live, work and study in Sweden until you receive a decision.
Special rules for frontier workers
If you are a British citizen who at the end of the transition period and in continuation live in another country, but work in Sweden by being employed or by having your own company, you are considered to be a frontier worker. As a frontier worker, you do not need to apply for residence status to work in Sweden, however, you have a right to receive a certificate that you are a frontier worker. There is no deadline for applying for this certificate.
If you live in Sweden, but work in another country, you do not count as a frontier worker, but rather as a resident of Sweden. If you want to keep the right to live in Sweden, you must apply for residence status. For information about who is eligible to apply for residence status as of 1 January 2022, please see the section above.
If you have applied for Swedish citizenship, but not yet received a decision
If you have applied for Swedish citizenship, but not yet received a decision, you need to legalise your presence in Sweden by applying for residence status or a permit on some other basis while awaiting the decision in your citizenship case. If you applied for residence status before 31 December 2021 but have yet to receive a decision regarding your application, you have the right to live, work and study in Sweden pending a decision in your case.
If you have a permanent right of residence, permanent residence card, permanent residence permit or Swedish citizenship
For British citizens, certificates of permanent right of residence or will cease to be valid after 31 December 2021. The same applies to right of residence or permanent residence cards granted due to a person’s connection to a British citizen. . You need to apply for a residence permit to legalise your stay in Sweden.
If you have a permanent residence permit or Swedish citizenship, you do not need to have residence status, but if you also have residence status, family members other than your spouse/cohabiting partner and minor children can apply to move to Sweden to live with you. This applies, for example, to parents or children over 21 who are financially dependent on you. The same also applies to the family members who are not EU/EEA citizens and want to visit you and usually apply for a visa to come to Sweden. In their case, the application is also free-of-charge in contrast to if you only have a permanent residence permit in Sweden or a Swedish citizenship.
If you plan on moving to Sweden
If you wish to live, work or study in Sweden and are not entitled to residence status, you can apply for a residence permit in accordance with national legislation.
If you want to travel
British citizens do not require a visa and only need a passport or national ID card upon entry to Sweden.