Residence permit for a parent or other family member
If you are a citizen of a country outside the EU and want to move to a family member in Sweden, you need a residence permit. In exceptional cases it is possible to get a residence permit to move to a family member in Sweden who is not already, or is not going to be, your husband, wife or cohabiting partner. This could apply, for example, to children over 18 years and parents of an adult child living in Sweden. Parents who want to move to a child aged under 18 years also have the possibility of applying for a residence permit. The family member in Sweden must have a permanent residence permit.
Parents of children under 18 years
If you are a parent of a child aged under 18 years living in Sweden, you can apply for a residence permit based on family ties to the child. You and the child must have lived together before and your intention must be that you and the child are going to live together in Sweden. An application of this kind is often assessed by the same rules that apply for those applying on grounds of ties to another family member.
Parents of unaccompanied minors
In order for you as a parent to get a residence permit to join an unaccompanied child under 18 years, the condition is usually that the child has been given a residence permit in Sweden because of grounds for asylum.
Other family member
In exceptional cases, it is possible to get a residence permit so as to move to another family member in Sweden whom you have lived with in your home country, for example, if you are over the age of 18 years and your parents live here.
You must be able to prove that you and the family member have lived together immediately before your family member moved to Sweden and that you and the other family member were socially and emotionally dependent on each other when you lived in your home country, and it is therefore difficult for you to live apart.
The application must be submitted as soon as possible after your family member moved to Sweden and was given a permanent residence permit. The general rule is that it is not possible to get a residence permit if the application is made after a long period of time has passed or if dependency between you has arisen after your family member moved to Sweden.
The person you are going to live with in Sweden must be able to support both of you. He or she must also have a home of sufficient size and standard for you both to live in when you move to Sweden. The requirement concerning financial support and accommodation does not apply to children under 18 years. This means that if you are going to move to your child who lives in Sweden, there is no requirement that your child must be able to provide for you.
Jovan from Serbia has lived in Sweden for ten years and has a permanent residence permit. In Serbia, Jovan lived with his parents whom he also provided for. Now the parents have grown old and ill and have trouble managing on their own, even though Jovan sends them money every month. Jovan and his parents wish that the parents could move to Sweden to live with Jovan so that he can take care of them.
The parents apply for residence permits to move to Jovan in Sweden. They visit the Swedish Embassy in Belgrade for an interview. The decision is that they cannot be granted residence permits to move to Jovan as it has been too long since they lived together in the country of origin. The fact that they now have trouble living on their own is not grounds enough for them to be granted residence permits in Sweden.
This also applies if you are applying to live together with someone whom you have cohabited with for less than two years.